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Business Resources

The Farmington Community Library offers numerous print resources, online databases and reviewed internet links to help our patrons find the information they need regarding all things business. Please refer to the menu to the right  to find the area of business that you would like to explore!

  • Business Topics & Terms
  • Calculators
  • Company Research
  • Finance
  • Forms & Letters
  • Industry Research
  • International Business
  • Management & HR
  • Marketing & Demographics
  • Patents & Trademarks
  • Small Business & Startups

Accounting Terminology Guide

The New York State Society of CPAs (NYSSCPA) General Committee on Public Relations has prepared this glossary as an educational tool for journalists who report on and interpret financial information. Its usefulness far exceeds that narrow purpose, however.

With over 20,000 definitions, covers every aspect of the business world.

Business Dictionaries

This list of links to major online business dictionaries and glossaries includes resources that define business, finance, economics, investment, personal finance, mutual fund, advertising, insurance, real estate, import and export, and derivative instrument terms and acronyms. From

Campbell R. Harvey's Hypertextual Finance Glossary

A browsable alphabetical listing of over 7,200 financial terms. Subsets of this collection are used on many financial Web sites. From a professor at the Fuqua School of Business, Duke University.


From Forbes Media, a searchable dictionary of terms used in Active Trading, Bonds, Financial Theory, Foreign Exchange, Fundamental Analysis (Accounting), Mutual Funds, Options & Futures, Personal Finance, Real Estate & Property, Retirement Planning, Stocks, Taxes, Technical Analysis, Venture Capital and IPOs. Business A to Z— Business Terms Glossary

A glossary containing more than 1,250 business terms, organized and cross-referenced for your convenience. You can search the glossary for a particular word or search the full text of the glossary to find every reference to a word or phrase, or browse using either a master alphabetical index or sub-indexes.

Cost Of Living And Salary Calculators

See Also: Social Security Benefit Calculators

Bureau of Labor Statistics Cost of Living Info and Inflation Calculator
The Consumer Price Indexes (CPI) program produces monthly data on changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services. This section of its home page provides detailed CPI information and a handy popup Inflation Calculator that allows you to see what a dollar amount from a given time period is equivalent to in contemporary dollars.

CNN Money's Cost of Living Calculator
Using data provided by researchers at American Chamber of Commerce Research Association, Inc., CNN Money offers you the ability to compare key expenses in dozens of major cities. Costs include housing, utilities, transportation and health care. This same page offers further links to real estate tools, including How much house can you afford?, a Mortgage payment estimator, and a Renovation wizard.

How Much House Can You Afford? offers this handy calculator that takes your income and monthly expense information and plots it against all costs related to buying a house.

Homefair Moving Calculators
Homefair offers, via a left sidebar, a tremendous selection of calculators and estimators to aid you with every conceivable aspect of moving and planning to move.

What Are You Worth?
Offers comparative salary ranges for a variety of occupations between cities and zip codes.

How To Research | Corporate Directories | Company News

How To Research Companies

Research on the Web
The Virtual Chase site, while subtitled Legal Research on the Internet is actually for anyone interested in doing corporate research using the web. There are articles on specific research issues and topics, annotated guides (including researching companies and securities, as well as legal information). An eight-step research process is offered, with appropriate links. The main site also offers course materials from two summer 1998 workshops: Internet Skills and Strategies for the Legal Researcher and Government Resources on the Internet. Finally, check out the article linked in the sidebar menu, IQ (Information Quality): A Checklist for Determining the Value of Information Retrieved from Internet, with hyperlinked examples, should be required reading for anyone reading this description.

Researching Companies
LibrarySpot is renowned for the excellence of its resources, and this brief tutorial with links is no exception.

The Spire Project: Company Information
This Web site is a guide to researching information. It provides a discussion of search strategies and covers many topics such as finding patents, company information, software, and statistics. It also covers many information sources including discussion groups, governmental sources, commercial databases, and magazines. Links are provided for Internet resources and specialized search engines. There are some non-Internet resources as well.

U.S. Census Bureau NAICS (North American Industry Classification System)
Many corporate information directory sites provide the ability to search by either the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) codes or the newer NAIC system. This site, provided by the U.S. Bureau of the Census, translates SIC codes into the new NAICS codes and vice versa. The new NAICS system will replace Canada, Mexico and the United States' separate classification systems with one uniform system for classifying industries. In the United States, NAICS will replace the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. The U.S. will start implementing NAICS this year, with the Census Bureau's 1997 Economic Census.

Corporate Directories

American City Business Journals: Bizjournals
American City Business Journals Inc. is the nation's largest publisher of metropolitan business newspapers, serving 40 of the country's most vibrant markets. Bizjournals is the new media division of American City Business Journals, the nation's largest publisher of metropolitan business newspapers. It operates the Web sites for each of the company's 41 print business journals. Scroll down to search or click on advanced search. Useful for information on private companies.

IRIN: Annual Report Research Center
The Investor Relations Information Network (IRIN) provides a single point of reference for accessing electronic annual reports—considered by many investors to be the most valuable means of communication between a company and its shareholders. More than 10,800 current and historical annual reports are available for viewing and printing. Search free, full-text, Abobe Acrobat format reports by ticker or alphabetically by company name. Covers ’99-current year (most companies).

Annual Reports: Public Register's Annual Report Service
This free service lets you order annual reports on more than 3,600 public companies. Although you can also request documents through an 800 number, the Web site is more convenient, because you can request reports for multiple companies. You can browse company names alphabetically or by industry. The service is only available for U.S. addresses and you need an e-mail address.

Case Study Help
Arranged by company, provides authoritative info: overviews, financials, news. Details basic principles of SWOT analysis.

CEO Express (CEOX) of Corporate Information
Enter the company's name in the search box and it provides stock reports, stock graphs, company information and more. It also provides comparison data for competitors. Good for analyzing how the company is faring financially. Has nice list of other profiles available on the web.

SEC EDGAR Database of Corporate Information
SEC Corporate Filings by Public Companies—a complete set of links to filings and forms.

EDGAR Guide to Corporate Filings (in .pdf format)
An annotated listing of all corporate filings required by the SEC; very useful for making sense of the plethora of forms appearing in the EDGAR database.


The above links are related to the EDGAR database. EDGAR is the database of public company filings maintained by the Securities Exchange Commission (SEC). The SEC requires all public companies (except foreign companies and companies with less than $10 million in assets and 500 shareholders) to file registration statements, periodic reports, and other forms electronically through EDGAR. Anyone can access and download this information for free. Be very careful, though: a number of commercial sites use the EDGAR name, but their domain name ends in .com, and they charge fees or subscriptions to access the same data, albeit sometimes with value-added formats.

Forbes Private Companies
Since 1980 Forbes has been surveying America's privately-held companies.

Forbes The World's Leading Public Companies (Global 2000)
The Forbes Global 2000 are the biggest, most powerful listed companies in the world. These global giants usually reorder themselves at a glacial pace but sometimes, as with the volatile financial sector of late, with more abruptness. Extreme vagaries of business or poor performance can take them off the list entirely. In any case, our composite ranking is the best snapshot of just how these titans compare. As we show, the corporate dominance of the developed nations is steadily receding. With respect not just to size but to what investors care most about, see our Global High Performers, an elite list of companies that set the pace in their respective industries.

Fortune Magazine Company Lists
Quick and easy access to all of Fortune Magazine's highly regarded business lists. Includes the Fortune 500 (ranks companies by revenue), America's Most Admired Companies, the 100 Best Companies to Work For, the Fortune e-50 (for Internet companies), America's Fastest Growing Companies, the Global 500, and America's Best Companies for Minorities.

Hoover's Online
Search For Specific Companies, view Industry Directories, locate key decision-makers, et al. More in-depth reports are available for a fee.

The INC. 500 Fastest-Growing Companies in America
Each year in mid-October, Inc. magazine releases its Inc. 500 issue, which lists the fastest-growing privately held U.S. companies. Searchable by name, keyword, state, sector or industry. A new Interactive Demographics search feature enables you to break out companies by several variables at once.

ThomasNet (formerly Thomas Register of American Manufacturers)
Over 171,000 companies and their products.

Wright Research Center
Detailed analyses of over 31,000 companies. Company analysis, stock price data and earnings information with ten years' worth of data, and links to Yahoo! and Raging Bull message board traffic regarding each company. Even company patents are searchable from this site.

Company News

Automotive News
Crain Communications' primary digital source for U.S. automotive industry information.

Bloomberg News
A premier site for financial news and information. Use the archives to search for stories back to 1995.

Business Wire News
A searchable database of news releases, updated hour by hour.

CNN Money
CNN's online business center. Provides links to breaking stories and current market coverage.

The online version of Crain's Detroit Business Weekly, chock-full of news and stories about Detroit Area businesses.

PR Newswire
A source of news releases for companies worldwide. Provides immediate news as well as an archive of company announcements.

Capital | General Finance | Insurance | Taxation Michigan | Venture Capital


BusinessUSA The official Business link to the U.S. Government

BusinessUSAs guides you through the maze of government rules and regulations and provides access to services and resources to help you start, grow, and succeed in business.

Bureau of Economic Analysis

The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) is an agency of the Department of Commerce. BEA seeks to strengthen the understanding of the U.S. economy and its competitive position by providing the most accurate and relevant GDP and economic accounts data in a timely manner. Here you can find the latest national, industry, regional and international economic statistics. The BEA's monthly journal of record, the Survey of Current Business can also be accessed here.

Bureau of Labor Statistics

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) offers a wealth of information on occupations, wages, unemployment, prices, industries, etc. Both national and international statistics are available. You can access Occupational Outlook Handbook, Inflation Calculator, Consumer Prices and more. The home page offers easy access by topics as well as a "Latest Numbers" box that features current figures for business-relatedinformation.


Federal Reserve Board Statistics: Releases & Historical Data

You can access current and historical statistical releases for a variety of economic topics, such as foreign exchange rates, consumer credit, etc.

Global Population Profile

Global Population Profile: 2002 and beyond is the latest published compendium and analysis of data on population, fertility, mortality, contraceptive use and related demographic topics by the U.S. Bureau of the Census.

Michigan Labor Market Information

The Michigan Department of Career Development, Office of Labor Market Information (LMI) provide the official source of a wide array of information on Michigan's labor market. Statistics for unemployment rates, industry forecasts, and wages are provided for the state of Michigan.

The International Database from the U.S. Census

The International Database (IDB) is a computerized data bank containing statistical tables of demographic, and socio-economic data for 227 countries and areas of the world.

The International Monetary Fund

The International Monetary Fund—also known as the "IMF" or the "Fund"—was conceived at a United Nations conference convened in 1944 to build a framework for economic cooperation. Click on the “World Economic Outlook” under publications and then on the WEO database and you can select countries and economic factors to create custom spreadsheets. Economic data is reported each month.

U.S. Census Bureau

This site provides a full range of census data. The A-Z subject list provides easy access. There is also a direct link to the American Factfinder site that provides access to data by location and subject.

General Finance

BusinessFinanceMag: Corporate Finance

BusinessFinanceMag is aimed at finance executives; they offer a highly informative selection of articles, and a biweekly e-mail newsletter, CorporateFInanceLink that serves as an "on-ramp" to information services on the Internet for finance executives. Finance and Taxation

Another excellent collection of topic articles, advice, and again, a free e-mail newsletter, from an award-winning online content provider of resources for home offices and small businesses. A good source for tips on managing your small business finances, cash flow, and taxes.

Federal Reserve Weekly Statistical Releases

The Federal Reserve Board releases selected interests rates each Monday, including the Federal Funds Rate, CD rates and U.S. Government Securities. Historical data available on daily, weekly, monthly, and annual frequencies are also available.

Insurance Business Insurance

Explains your options for auto insurance, property insurance, business owner's policies, workers' compensation, and general liability insurance.

Business Insurance Oracle

This informational insurance site is not intended for application to individual businesses. The information is general in nature, but offers a good overview of business insurance issues.

Originally founded in 1984 as Quotesmith Corporation,, a comprehensive online consumer insurance information service that caters to the needs of self-directed insurance shoppers. provides a comprehensive array of comparative auto, life and health quotes, including a vast library of originally authored insurance articles and decision-making tools that are not available from any other single source.

Taxation (Michigan)

Be sure to also check out our Tax Time Resources

MI Economic Development Corp.: Starting A Business/ Taxes

A key activity of the Michigan Economic Development Corporation is to help businesses open and grow. This guide is designed to ease a person's entry into the business world, outlining as clearly as possible many of the issues and questions facing prospective entrepreneurs. Information included in this guide is both general and Michigan-specific. Information on local tax obligations and obtaining necessary licenses and permits is included.

Venture Capital

(See also: Entrepreneurs / Business Startups for additional information on Venture Capital.

MI Economic Development Corp.: Buying / Financing A Business

Michigan's venture funding initiatives are designed to improve access to private venture capital for Michigan growth-oriented firms. More than $1 billion in new venture capital has come under management within Michigan's borders in the past two years alone. The Michigan Economic Development Corporation has developed a comprehensive directory of Michigan resources involved with venture funding, including more detailed profiles of venture funds and their interests.

Most of these web sites warn that the information provided does not substitute for good legal advice. Generally no warranties are made regarding the suitability of the forms for any particular purpose. It is suggested that these be used as a starting point for documentation. Some forms may be completed online and then printed and others can be copy and pasted into a word document.

550+ Sample Business Letters

Includes consumer, b2b letters. Easy alpha order arrangement.

'Lectric Law Library

The 'Lectric Law Library's form page offers general and business forms (with another page dedicated to law practice forms). It claims to be the biggest collection of law related forms. If you read the page about relying on legal information you will be not only informed, but also amused. A good place to start your search.

All About Forms

This site is a service of Consolidated Legal Concepts, Inc., which was founded in 1916. Over 5000 legal forms (over 2,000 are free). The problem with the site is that it is not possible to tell which forms are free until you try to go into them. Most of the legal forms are available in HTML, Microsoft Word, (RTF only), and Adobe Acrobat (PDF) (as identified by the icons listed).

Immediate access to hundreds of free and low cost business & legal forms. Also offers a nice assortment of business and collection letters.


Business forms and form letters are offered, in addition to other categories.


The Legal Resource Center is a free service, provided by, that is designed to help consumers and businesses resolve their legal issues. Samples of legal forms and documents include a contract to sell your car, a will, or an employment agreement. Use the drop down menus for "court forms" and then choose a state. You may scroll through the selection or search. Forms are displayed via Acrobat.

While this site offers 600 forms, most are for fee-based. They do offer twenty-three free forms including Articles of Incorporations for a Business, Business Consultant Contract and Employment Agreement.

CCH Business Owner's Toolkit

Here you'll find ready-to-use business tools to help you get the job done faster and easier, including: Model business documents, Financial spreadsheet templates, Checklists, and Official Government Forms. Business tool categories include: business finance, compensation & benefits, employee management, firing & termination, government contracting form, marketing, recruiting & hiring, starting your business, vehicles & equipment and worker safety.

Industry Classification Codes | Research | Automotive | News

Industry Classification Codes

Industry research is often conducted using an industry code: Standard Industrial Classification code (SIC), derived from the decennial Economic Census. The U.S. government is attempting to expand this coding with a new system called North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). At this time most private research sources index and classify by SIC; however, it is anticipated that there will be a changeover to NAICS. For more information regarding these systems look at the government Internet sites listed below:

1997 NAICS and 1987 SIC Correspondence Tables

This site shows the correspondence between NAICS and SIC. The new industries, sectors and code systems are also detailed.


The Occupational Safety & Health Administration of the U.S. Department of Labor sponsors this Standard Industrial Classification Search page. Users may search the 1987 version SIC manual by keyword to access descriptive information for a specified 4-digit SIC, and to examine the manual structure. A crosslinks is given to the SIC manual from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), an agency of the U.S. Department of Commerce as well as to the NTIS SIC Page.


General Industry Research


Corporate Information: U.S. Find links to industry analysis, statistics, data, and trends for a variety of industries. Also provide information on companies in the industry and other relevant data. Select one of the 30 industries and 65 countries and get a list of companies covered in that particular industry, get a list of relevant links and a short write-up about the industry.

Current Industrial Reports

The CIR program has been providing monthly, quarterly, and annual measures of industrial activity for many years. The primary objective of the CIR program is to produce timely, accurate data on production and shipments of selected products. The data are used to satisfy economic policy needs and for market analysis, forecasting, and decision-making in the private sector.


A source for analysis, data, forecasts, and information on the world's economies. Includes Dismal Scientist, provider of economic information on the Internet, offering comprehensive and timely analysis, data, tools, and other features designed to keep you fully informed on the state of the world economy; Free Lunch at provides free access to over 1,000,000 economic and financial data series. If you have cookies disabled on your browser, you may have problems with this site.


Forbes Business

Seven broad groups (Commerce, Health Care, Logistics, Energy, Manufacturing, Services and Technology) with Forbes usual thorough and timely coverage.


The online version of the voluminous catalog tool, requires free registration to use this site's powerful search capabilities. You may search by type of product/service, company name or brand name. Provides the company address, phone, business description and a link to the company home page.


Automotive Industry

Automotive Industry Action Group

The Automotive Industry Action Group is an organization founded in 1982 by a group of managers from Daimler-Chrysler, Ford Motor Company, and General Motors. The purpose: To provide an open forum where members cooperate in developing and promoting solutions that enhance the prosperity of the automotive industry. Under the auspices of AIAG, volunteers from over 1,600 member companies have worked together to resolve issues critical to the automotive supply chain.


Industry News

Read full-text articles from this national magazine and click on Archives for special issues, databases including Global Manufacturers' Resource Guide, Census of Manufacturers, Best-Managed Companies and Best Plants. The IW 1000 ranks the world's leading 1000 industrial stocks.

Yahoo! Finance: Industry Center

Search or browse through Yahoo's Industry links for Financial News by industry. Includes Consumer goods, Finance, Food, Heavy industry, High tech, Light Industry, Medical/Health Care, Recreation/Entertainment, Service Industry and Transportation.

Super Sites | Country Research | Exchange Rates / Currencies | Export / Import

Super Sites

Business USA

The was created by the Small Business Administration (SBA) and exists to provide business with one stop access to federal government information, services and transactions.

Importing and exporting goods is a greats way to expand your business and take part in the global economy. In fact, companies that do business internationally grow faster and fail less often than companies that don't. If you are ready to get started in international trade, there are a number of government programs to help you get started. Also, there are strict regulations on importing and exporting goods, so it is critical that you understand which of these regulations apply to you.

This site provides information on what you need to know about importing and exporting:

  • Getting Started in Exporting: An introduction to importing and exporting, which includes faqs, getting in-person assistance, and business opportunities.
  • How to Obtain Export Financing: How to obtain U.S. government financing to expand or develop export markets.
  • Importing Goods: Information for businesses interested in importing goods into the U.S.
  • Trade Agreements: Learn about trade agreements and how to report barriers to fair trade.
  • Business Travel: Learn about conducting business abroad, and find resources and paperwork for you and your business partners overseas.
  • Importing/Exporting Specific Products: Information on the import and export of specific products regulated by federal agencies.

CI (Corporate Information)

Find searchable links to corporate, economic, demographic, and current events for 127 nations.


This resource from Michigan State University Center for International Business Education and Research includes news, periodicals, trade, country information and more. The site is keyword searchable.

Country Research

C.I.A. World Factbook

Published by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, this online equivalent contains economic, social, and political country profiles of countries. Included are maps and cultural information for international business. A high-profile link from many meta-sites.

Country Studies

This website, from the Library of Congress, contains the on-line versions of books previously published in hard copy by the Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress under the Country Studies/area Handbook Program sponsored by the U.S. Department of Army. Because the original intent of the Series' sponsor was to focus primarily on lesser known areas of the world or regions in which U.S. forces might be deployed, the series is not all-inclusive. At present, 101 countries and regions are covered. Notable omissions include Canada, France, the United Kingdom, and other Western nations, as well as a number of African nations. The date of information for each country appears on the title page of each country and at the end of each section of text. Taking a look at the Main Site FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) first will save valuable time.

EuroPages: The European Business Directory

A multilingual directory site of 500,000 companies in 30 European countries searchable by product, company name or business sector. Includes some company catalogs. There are links to business services such as phone directories, package tracking, currency converters, measure converters, world bank holidays calendar, newspapers, and online translators.

Executive Planet

International business customs, etiquette, protocol, country guides. A strong point is the provision of a series of Essential Business Culture Guides for the international traveller. Specific questions can be posted to a discussion board.


Home of Michigan State University's Center for International Business Education and Research (CIBER). Comprehensive starting point for global research. A meta-site with access to international business and trade information, economic trends and an index to information resources. Brief annotations are included for entries and site links.


The International Data Base (IDB) is a computerized data bank provided by the U. S. Census Bureau containing statistical tables of demographic, and socio-economic data for 227 countries and areas of the world.


The International Franchise Association (IFA), founded in 1960, is a membership organization of franchisers, franchisees and suppliers. The Web site is dedicated to providing a one-stop shopping experience for franchise information.

International Chamber of Commerce

The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) is the world business organization. It links global chamber organizations and committees by country. There are also position papers on current topics in business, such as ethics, marketing, economic policy, etc.

OECD Online

Home page of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), which includes 29 member countries that share principles of the market economy and produce 2/3 of the world's goods and services. Member governments collect data, monitor trends, analyze and forecast economic developments and also research social changes and trade patterns. Much of the site's content requires a subscription or purchase of individual publications; however, substantial introductory text is available free-of-charge, including frequently-requested statistics, news, and links to official websites of member countries.

STRATEGIS: Canada's Business Information Site

A wealth of information from Canada's Minister of Industry. Site is in English and French and includes a bilingual search feature. Organized in categories (company, trade and investment, business sector, economic analysis, research, financing, legislation, employment and consumer information), it also includes a news link.

Travelers' Health

Sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, this site provides health information and vaccination recommendations for international travel. This sit e also includes an online version of the CDC's Yellow Book, published every two years by CDC as a reference for those who advise international travelers of health risks. The Yellow Book is written primarily for health care providers, although others might find it useful.

U. S. Commercial Service

The U.S. Commercial Service is the trade promotion unit of the International Trade Administration. U.S. Commercial Service trade specialists in 107 U.S. cities and in more than 80 countries work with your company to help you get started in exporting or increase your sales to new global markets. Services include:

  • World class market research
  • Trade events that promote your product or service to qualified buyers
  • Introductions to qualified buyers and distributors
  • Counseling and advocacy through every step of the export process

World Bank Group

The World Bank Group site contains development reports, resources on global economics and trade, and country and regional information. Current research projects and information on international development loans and activities are also included.

WTO (World Trade Org)

The legal and institutional foundation of the multilateral trading system. It provides the principal contractual obligations determining how governments frame and implement domestic trade legislation and regulations.

Exchange Rates / Currencies

Monthly Foreign Exchange Rates, Federal Reserve Statistical Release

The Federal Reserve Board provides monthly data on foreign exchange rates for 35 different nations. New data made available near the beginning of each month.


Oanda's interactive site converts 164 currencies. Dates from January 1, 1990 to present.

Yahoo! FinanceCurrency Converter

Provides a handy conversion facility plus a graphical chart tracking fluctuations during the course of the current day.

Export / Import

Foreign Trade FAQs

The U.S. Census Bureau has taken over this area from the Department of Commerce.

Overseas Private Investment Corp.

The Overseas Private Investment Corporation's political risk insurance and loans help U.S. businesses of all sizes invest and compete in more than 140 emerging markets and developing nations worldwide. OPIC, a U.S. government agency, assists U.S. private investment overseas because it is in America's economic and strategic interest.

U. S. International Trade Commission

The U.S. International Trade Commission is an independent federal agency determining import injury to U.S. industries in anti-dumping, countervailing duty, and global and China safeguard investigations; directing actions against unfair trade practices involving patent, trademark, and copyright infringement.

Employment & Benefits Law

Dr. Will Yancey provides links to many resources on such topics as employment law, labor-management relations, labor standards, employee rights and responsibilities.

Employment Law Information Network

Provides a wealth of information on employment law including policies and forms, articles on national and state laws, access to court cases, and federal laws and regulations.

Equal Employment Advisory Council

The Equal Employment Advisory Council (EEAC) has been providing its members since 1976 with assistance in the form of EEO news memoranda, training programs, meetings and forums, and acts as a telephone and fax clearinghouse service. A wide variety of services, including the sale of EEAC publications, are also available to non-members.

Become a member on and have unlimited access to "experts, advice, resources, products and services" in the field of Human Resources. New articles posted each week deal with the latest industry trends; there are interviews with leading authorities, while the link to free forms and reports will prove indispensable to Human Resources Managers.


Extensive list of well-organized links to "internet based resources for HR professionals and students."

Extensive directory of HR resources covering various areas including recruiting, performance, and applicant tracking. Provides a Toolkit for forms, job ads, and policies and procedures. Also includes updated news.

Human Resources Research: Knowledge@Wharton

Website created by the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania. The information on the site is organized at four levels. The top layer provides brief summaries on current news; the second offers short articles written by professional business journalists in plain, jargon-free prose; the third consists of academic papers; and the last layer links to related web sites.

Institute for Research on Labor & Employment

IRLE is U.C. Berkeley's interdisciplinary research institute—connect to its four different working papers series.

Nat'l Labor Relations Board

NLRB primarily guards employees against unfair labor practices by employers or unions and oversees elections where employees decide whether they want to be represented by unions. The Help Desk gives a menu of topics the user can select from which will lead her to the right agency for help, even if not within NLRB jurisdiction.

Recruiters Network

The Recruiters Network is a free association for HR professionals, recruiters, and hiring managers. This helpful site provides extensive information on recruiting, including a resource center for Internet recruiting, free trials on selected business magazines, and a career site directory.

Though may be better known to those who are seeking a job, it also offers valuable information for HR professionals. The site is widely recognized as a destination "for those seeking reliable information about employee pay levels and compensation-related best practices, trends, and policies."

SHRM Online

The Society for Human Resource Management provides a vast amount of information related to Human Resources, from online publications to HR job openings around the country to an information center and library of white papers, model surveys, questionnaires, and job descriptions.

United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

The EEOC enforces employment discrimination laws and conducts investigations of alleged discrimination in the workplace. The page provides useful information for both employees and employers alike.

Digital Commons Workplace @ ILR

From the School of Industrial and Labor Relations at Cornell University—go to Electronic Archive for full-text commission and task force documents as well as ILR publications.

Advertising | Advertising History | Demographics | Marketing | PRs



This site serves as a portal to more than 20,600 agencies and firms within the marketing and communications industry, and access to over 70,000 ads.

Advertising Age

Advertising Age is a well established industry publication. This website provides a number of useful links for researchers which includes Ad Age Data Center which provides advertising data and Ad Age Century which provides an advertising timeline as well as ranking lists for the top ads, campaigns, and jingles.


Despite the "Subscriber Login" in the upper left-hand corner: there is a considerable amount of free information headed "Complimentary": Searches (Agency Showcase, Service & Suppliers, Brand Name Lookup) and Complimentary Listings (Add Your Agency, Update Your Agency, Associations, and Press Releases, as well as most of the other content on the home page (news items, etc.)

Advertising Council (AC)

The Ad Council is the largest source of public service advertising in the country and is credited with creating the category of public service advertising. The AC web site provides information on AC campaigns and initiatives, as well as audio and video clips of the organization's recent work.

Advertising World

The University of Texas at Austin's Advertising Department has created this comprehensive collection of links to advertising and marketing information. Links are arranged into over 81 categories and include many hard-to-find topical areas.

Ad Week

This site offers access to a limited number of full-text articles from three major print publications: Adweek, Brandweek, and Mediaweek. Also offers "Current Headlines" of interest to the advertising industry.

American Advertising Federation

This site provides an overview of the AAF and its role in promoting and protecting the advertising industry.

American Association of Advertising Agencies

The AAAA web site provides access to advertising news and information, upcoming events, publications, government reports and recommendations, initiatives and programs. AAAA also offers Agency Search to search for information on AAAA agencies worldwide.

Clio Awards

Information on the Clio Awards, which honor creative excellence in advertising.


Creativity is the leading media brand of the creative community in advertising, marketing and design. The monthly magazine provides a showcase of the best ideas across all areas of consumer culture, an exploration of the techniques behind the work and insight into the people and trends shaping the industry. Creativity Online provides the industry's foremost creative meeting place—with a daily showcase and searchable archive of the work that matters, news, opinion, analysis and audience feedback. Creativity is a sibling to Advertising Age, both of which are published by Crain Communications.

History of Advertising

Ad Access

An image database of more than 7,000 advertisements printed in U.S. and Canadian newspapers and magazines between 1911 and 1955. Concentrates on five subject areas: radio, television, transportation, beauty and hygiene, and World War II.

A searchable database of classic print ads from the 1940s through the present. Although a subscription is needed for full access, there is a wealth of free material available. is the world's largest searchable database of classic print ads, searchable by category, by decade, even by year. The "what are you looking for" search box allows you to type in a brand name and even a specific model name.

John W. Hartman Center

This site provides information on the early history of advertising in the United States. Materials and images used to develop the site are housed in the Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library at Duke University.


See Also: Economic & Statistical Resources on the Web.

Census Bureau's Home Page

The official source of statistical information on the U.S. population. Link to American FactFinder for the latest Census data.

ClickZStats: Trends & Statistics (ClickZNetwork: Solutions for Marketers)

ClickZStats provides a collection of online facts which have been gathered from secondary sources. Useful links include the "Stats Toolbox" which is an archive of statistical data and the "Glossary" which provides a directory of commonly used technical terms.

International Data Base

(IDB) Provides demographic and socio-economic statistics for 227 countries and areas of the world. The major types of data available include:

  • - Populations by age and sex
  • - Vital rates, infant mortality, and life tables
  • - Ethnicity, religion, and language
  • - Labor force, employment, and income
  • - Households

Data is provided by the U.S. Census Bureau, National Statistics Offices, the United Nations and several specialized agencies.

Population Studies Center: Demography

An excellent collection of demographic sites, maintained by the University of Michigan's Population Studies Center. Includes both U.S. and international demographic resources.

SEMCOG DataCenter Population Estimates

Put up by the Southeast Michigan Council of Governments

USA Counties

The Census Bureau provides this interactive set of forms to manipulate up to 3,000 variables and generate county-level maps to meet your requirements.


American Marketing Association

This site provides information about the association, its collegiate and professional chapters, and the organization's journals and publications.

Consumer Expenditure Surveys

Provides access to Consumer Expenditure Surveys published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. These surveys contain information from the nation's households and families on their buying habits, income, and characteristics. The data allows users to track spending trends of different types of consumers.

Direct Marketing Association

This comprehensive site provides guidelines, information, and other resources to direct marketers. Click on the links under "Library" for news, research and statistics, and association guidelines on ethical business practices, telemarketing, mailing list practices, and privacy.

Direct Marketing News

This Canadian site draws on material from the print publication to provide news, opinion, advice, and information on marketing topics such as lists and databases, catalogues, telemarketing, and marketing on the Web.

The Gallup Organization

Provides poll results and analysis from The Gallup Organization. Check this site to gauge public opinion on topics ranging from campaign finance to politics and moral values.

The Internet's Marketing Virtual LibraryThis website is a virtual library of web resources for advertising, selling, promotion, research, and electronic commerce in concise information areas for easy browsing. Information areas are concise and provide value-added information and carefully selected links.

Managing A Business (SBA)

  • - A wealth of information, including: Leading Your Company: Do you have what it takes to lead your company to success?
  • - Growing Your Business: There's more to growing a business than just watching customers come in your door. You must always plan ahead, and ensure that you're poised for the new challenges that a growing business will face in a changing world.
  • - Exporting & Importing: Take Your Business Global: Where will your next customer come from? Small b usinesses looking to increase sales and profit are taking their businesses global.
  • - Running a Business: Will your small business run like clockwork every day? Probably not! You need to be prepared for all sorts of situations, even disasters that cant be prevented.
  • - Business Law & Regulations: Do you have to be an attorney to open and run a small business these days? The answer is no (although you shouldn't hesitate to consult one if you have a sticky legal question).
  • - Getting Out: You may wish to leave your business for a variety of reasons. For example, you may be ready to retire—if so, congratulations!—and you may wish to hand your business to a relative.
  • - Business Guides by Industry: Each guide in this section details information specific to an industry. You're likely to find one that provides invaluable information targeted to your line of business.
  • - Local Resources: Looking for small business counseling and training close to home? SBA can help! SBA provides small business counseling and training through a variety of programs and resource partners across the country.
  • - Forms: The process of starting and managing a business requires a lot of analysis and paperwork. SBA has just about every resource you'll need, from business plan examples and financial forms.

Marketing Virtual Library

This well-organized site lists over 1,000 links on marketing topics such as advertising and promotion, market research, education, marketing jobs and careers, and Internet resources.

TSNN Tradeshow Database

TSNN owns and operates the most widely consulted database on the Internet for the trade show industry, containing data on more than 15,000 trade shows and conferences, and through a strategic partnership, more than 30,000 seminars.

Public Relations

All About Public Relations

From traditional PR, marketing, career guides, and ethics to Internet PR, crisis communications, and media relations, this directory covers PR-related subject categories, with annotated links.

PRSA (Public Relations Society of America)

The PRSA site offers background on the organization and an overview of its current activities. Also contains links to career resources, directories (firms, services, members, publications, speakers bureau and professional resource center.

Copyright | Viewers | Patents | Search Patents | Trademarks | Search TMs


10 Big Myths about Copyright Explained

An attempt to answer common myths about copyright seen on the net and cover issues related to copyright and USENET/Internet publication by Brad Templeton Note that this is an essay about copyright myths. It assumes you know at least what copyright is—basically the legal exclusive right of the author of a creative work to control the copying of that work. If you didn't know that, check out the author's brief introduction to copyright for more information.

Copyright & Fair Use

An excellent collection of searchable information assembled by the Stanford University Library.

Copyright: Nolo Legal Encyclopedia

The founding fathers recognized that everyone would benefit if creative people were encouraged to create new intellectual and artistic works. When the United States Constitution was written in 1787, the framers took care to include a copyright clause (Article I, Section 8) giving Congress the power to "promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts" by passing laws that give creative artists (called "Authors" in the Constitution) the exclusive right to their own artistic works for a limited period of time.

Media, Popular Culture, and Communication Rights Research Guide

This website provides a guide to conducting research on media, journalism, popular culture, copyright, and related topics, highlighting key resources and search strategies. There are lots of interactions among these topics -- today, one can easily imagine a TV journalist writing a web-based graphic novel that becomes the basis of a Hollywood movie, which spawns a video game and even a Broadway musical ... and then everyone gets sued by a historian who believes his/her book was the basis of the original graphic novel. Through this website, I try to give you some ways to crack open research in these subjects. There are also pointers to finding resources on creating online media.

Copyright Website

"This site endeavors to provide real world, practical and relevant copyright information of interest to infonauts, netsurfers, webspinners, content providers, musicians, appropriationists, activists, infringers, outlaws, and law abiding citizens." This wellidone resource from an intellectual property attorney discusses fair use and public domain, famous copyright infringement cases, and the basics of the law and registration. Also has current news and a discussion group.

U.S. Patent & Trademark Office

The official copyright web site, with a wealth of useful information and links.

Downloadable Document Viewers & PlugIns

Many Trademark and Patent Records have embedded images which require downloading a special viewer plug-in for your web browser. The U.S. Patent Office has an excellent page describing document formats you may encounter, and links to these downloadable viewers.

Patent Resources

FindLaw: Patents & Intellectual Property

Provides legal background on patents, with information in the form of law documents, briefs and articles. Visit FindLaw Library: Intellectual Property to access a wide selection of articles and other materials.

Independent Inventor Resources

This site provides support to the independent inventor. Put up by the U.S. Patent & Trademark Office, the site looks at questions such as "How do I finance and/or market my invention?" and "Where do I find local assistance?"

Index to the Manual of Classification of Patents

Comprised of 400 plus classes, this index enables searchers to determine the class of an idea by keyword searching.

The Lemelson-MIT Prize Program's Handbook for Inventors

An online handbook with helpful information for the independent inventor.

U.S. Patent Act

An online version of Title 35 (Patents) of the U. S. Code, put up by the Legal Information Institute, Cornell Law School.

Searching Patents

U.S. Patent Database: Patent Full-Text and Image Databases

This source contains full-text documents published by the United States Patent and Trademark Office. Allows searching of Utility Patents, Reissue Patents, Defensive Publications, and Statutory Invention Registrations from 1971 to present. Also covers Design and Plant Patents from December 1976. Click on the "help" button for search instructions.

Trademark Resources

All About Trademarks

An annotated guide to trademark sites organized into categories including General Trademark Information, U.S. and International Trademark Law, Trademarks In Cyberspace, and more.

Basic Facts About Trademarks

An online pamphlet from the U.S. Patent & Trademark Office. Provides a general overview of trademarks, the registration process, and trademark services. Includes a link to the Trademark/Service Mark Application Form.

Searching Trademarks

U.S. Trademark Electronic Search System

Search more than 3 million pending, registered, and dead Federal trademarks.

Small Business / Entrepreneurship / Startups

See also Gale Virtual Reference Library—Business Plans Handbook Series and Venture Capital on the Business page Finance panel.

American Fact Finder

The Census Bureau developed the American FactFinder web site as its primary vehicle for distributing Census data. The Census Bureau has cut back on the number of volumes it's printing, and fewer printed reports will be distributed to federal depository libraries. The Bureau expects that most people will use American FactFinder (AFF) to retrieve Census data. Note: We recommend that you use the Mozilla Firefox browser rather than Internet Explorer to access this site: downloads using Internet Explorer may be incomplete. There are also excellent tutorials / overviews on using the site from the U. of Wisconsin.


The Library of Congress provides a rich set of links to resources of interest to the practice or study of Entrepreneurship and small business. Title and Subject lists are provided.

Offers samples of business plans, planning tools, and expert advice to help you start and run your business.

The Business Publications Search Engine is a searchable directory of free online articles. Areas covered include economics, entrepreneurs, finance and accounting, human resources, industry publications, intellectual property, internet and e-commerce, management science, and small business.


BusinessUSA is the official business portal of the Federal government. It is managed by the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) in a partnership with 21 other federal agencies. This partnership, known as Business Gateway, is a Presidential E-government initiative that provides a single access point to government services and information to help the nation's businesses with their operations.

CCH Business Owner's Toolkit

CCH provides information on starting, financing, managing and marketing a small business. Contains downloadable checklists, model business plans, forms and other documents.

Since 1913, CCH has been a leading provider of business and legal information.

Crain's Detroit Business

Helpful information from small business start-up information to local business news and success stories.

Edward Lowe Peerspectives

Homepage of the Edward Lowe Foundation, devoted to championing the entrepreneurial spirit. Lowe, the inventor of Kitty Litter, established the foundation to promote his philosophy of fostering and nurturing the American entrepreneur. This treasure chest contains a "quick search" area for finance, human resources, leadership and management, legal issues, marketing, operations and technology. Information resources area includes business builders and best business links.

Entrepreneur's Reference Guide to Small Business Information

The 3rd edition of a guide compiled by the staff of the Business Reference Services' Science, Technology, and Business Division, Library of Congress. Contents include: introduction, Getting Started, Raising Capital, Managing Your Business, Human Resources, Marketing, Doing Business with Government, International Opportunities, Research and Information Gathering, Looking At the Numbers, Handbooks and Guides, Information about Companies, Indexes, Databases, Other Information Sources, Keeping Current, and Index.

Entrepreneurship: Kauffman Center for Entrepreneurial Leadership

"A World of Resources" according to the homepage. Wide range of subjects divided into three categories: Starting your Business, Growing your Business and Supporting Entrepreneurship. There are helpful articles and research links included. Of special note is the Business Information Center.

"The Web's Leading Resource for Family Business Executives & Owners." This site tailors its information to family-controlled companies. The Family Business Search Engine provides 300 family business articles covering such topics as Inter-Generational Issues, Sibling Rivalry, Strategic Planning and Non-Family Managers/Employees. It also links to other family business sites and "Best of the Web" articles.

Gale Virtual Reference Library: Encyclopedia of Small Business

This convenient and exhaustive print reference source is designed to provide entrepreneurs with how-to information that they can apply to their own business. The Encyclopedia contains detailed articles and overviews of all the key information needs of small business users, including financing; financial planning; business plan creation; market analysis; sales strategy; tax planning and more.


"This is the most comprehensive and up to date database of franchises available." Includes a franchise directory, a link to franchise opportunities and articles on the topic.

Idea Café: The Small Business Channel

A fun approach to serious business. Developed by successful entrepreneurs and authors of published guides on forming and running a business, they include resources, ideas, practical advice, business news, and humor to make an entertaining site. Business site links are summarized and reviewed. There are serious, yet informative sections, as well as your "Biz Horoscope."

Michigan Business Entity Search Engine

A searchable database of business names by the Michigan Department of Labor and Economic Growth.

Michigan Economic Development Center

Provides business assistance to new and expanding Michigan companies (over 13,500 small businesses annually). Services include regulatory assistance, site development services, financial services, State license search, and information on workers' compensation. Also includes an excellent Guide to Starting a Business.

MoneyTree Report

This quarterly survey by PricewaterhouseCoopers studies venture capital investments throughout the United States. The data can be viewed by industry, geographical region, investment company and investee, or searched by keyword. (By Entrepreneurs for Entrepreneurs)

Useful information includes how-to, interactive tools, weekly articles, and downloadable standard forms.

National Association of Women Business Owners (NAWBO)—Greater Detroit Chapter

This local chapter has over 400 entrepreneurial women who share the same common goal—the growth and success of women in the Detroit Area Businesses.

Nolo: Starting a Business

Includes information on Evaluating Your Business Idea, Financing Your Business, Writing a Business Plan, Naming Your Business, Obtaining Licenses & Permits, and Finding and Renting Space for Your Business.

Oakland County Planning and Economic Development Services

Oakland County is the number one county in the state for seven years running. The county provides information on financing, market research, community planning, etc.

Online Women's Business Center

This is the official SBA Office of Women's Business Ownership site . Its mission is "to assist women achieve their dreams and improve their communities by helping them start and run successful businesses, regardless of social or financial disadvantage, race, ethnicity or business background.

The Office of Women's Business Ownership and the Online Women's Business Center are integral components of Entrepreneurial Development's network of training and counseling services."

Patent Cafe

A menu approach from Patent Cafe: World's Gateway to Inventor's Resources. Selections include patents and trademarks, resources for invention and innovation, manufacturers and suppliers, U.S. Government Offices, international inventors, and a link to Inventive Kids Cafe for science research. Includes a search engine and FAQ link for guidance and helpful tips on how market new products and inventions. Small Business

Quicken's Small Business Center provides tools to help you research licenses and permits, incorporate your business, write a business plan, and many useful links on how to run and grow a business.

The Riley Guide: Steps in Starting Your Own Small Business

The Riley Guide, by Margaret F. Dikel, is a great resource for all things employment related. This site deals with small business concerns, and Dikel speaks from experience, since she is self-employed. Includes links on funding, legal concerns, getting started, and getting help.

SCORE (Service Corps of Retired Executives)

Provides free email counseling (or in-person at chapter offices) and advice to those working to form and grow a small business.

Startup Nation

A great site for entrepreneurs and would-be business owners, this site has it all; community space, articles, podcasts, online seminars and other information on all things small business.

Business USA: U.S. Business Administration

A government site devoted to supporting small business concerns. Provides the basics, such as starting your business, hiring employees, legal and tax considerations, and other information. Provides a section for minority- and women-owned small businesspeople. Also includes a topical section on small business issues, such as disaster recovery, and a section on getting out, for those who want to make a change.

U.S. Small Business Administration

Official site with information on government assistance, regulations and resources.

Yahoo! Small Business

Yahoo has compiled a valuable selection of small business articles and resources. Products and solutions are fee-based.
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